A walk down Gottingen ca. 1875 – Part 2

The installation of the tram tracks on Gottingen Street at Cogswell ca. 1891 - Nova Scotia Archives: Nova Scotia Light and Power Fonds, MG9, vol. 226, pg. 80.

The installation of the tram tracks on Gottingen Street at Cogswell ca. 1891 – Nova Scotia Archives: Nova Scotia Light and Power Fonds, MG9, vol. 226, pg. 80.

This post continues the previous discussion of the recollections of Laleah M. Hendry (1867-1950) who in 1940 wrote about her memories of Gottingen Street when she was a child in the mid 1870s.

The above picture, showing the laying of the tram tracks by the Nova Scotia Light & Power Company ca. 1891, is important as it is the ONLY picture that I have been able to find that adequately shows the way this important corner looked. In a previous post (Building Blocks: 2-24 Gottingen Street and a follow-up post) I explored the buildings on the West side of Gottingen Street from the intersection of Cogswell and Falkland Streets. One of my biggest problems was that I couldn’t find a photo of this section of the street. As it happened tucked away in the scrap books of the Nova Scotia Light & Power Company (a rich resource btw for photos of Halifax in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries) I was able to locate two such photos that clearly and vibrantly showed this section of the street.

In her recollection Laleah mentions these buildings as standing out for her because they had staircases going from the street level to the front doors which in some cases were located above street level.

Some other grand houses that Laleah talks about, and which would have been literally across the street from her childhood home, were the homes of the Black brothers. Specifically, we have a photo of the house of Martin P. Black which was located on the corner lot at Gottingen and North Streets.

Martin P. Black house at the Corner of Gottingen and North streets (posted originally to Vintage Halifax Facebook page)

Martin P. Black house at the Corner of Gottingen and North streets (posted originally to Vintage Halifax Facebook page).

This house was torn down sometime in the 1950s and the land sold to make way for the construction of Northwood Manor. The property, at the back, was subdivided and made way for Northwood Terrace.

Finally, one of the other “big” homes of Gottingen Streets “residential” days was Hawthorn Place which was located directly across the street from the Hendry family home. Shown below on the Hopkins Atlas of 1878:

1878 Hopkins Atlas of Halifax showing portion of Plate E.

1878 Hopkins Atlas of Halifax showing portion of Plate E and the Harrington Estate Property known as “Hawthorne Place” on Gottingen Street.

Leleah refers to this property as “the old Harrington place” so even in 1875 the property was considered to have been there a long time and by the look of the footprint of the building on the Hopkins Atlas was substantial building. Interestingly she states that the house was replaced by three dwelling houses. It appears that this building existed on the street at least til 1951 as it is represented on the Fire Insurance Map for that year. Today this building has been replaced in the early 1990s by the Westgate Apartments Building.

Adjacent to the Hawthorne Place property were a series of single family houses which had been turned into flats. By the late 1980s with Gottingen Street becoming run down and depressed developers were looking at the cheap land as a potential place to build. In 989 the buildings that face Gottingen Street at the corner of Charles and North along the Western side of the street were torn down to make way for the current Charles Place. Below is a picture of 2518 Gottingen Street which was torn down shortly after this photo was taken in March 1989 to make way for the apartment building that stands today.  This building and its adjacent buildings were only torn down after a neighbour, Miss Ethel Brown, dropped her appeal of the building permits for Charles Place. She was appealing the building of the new 59 unit apartment building due to the increase in cars it would bring to her neighbourhood.

2518 Gottingen Street. Photo taken from The North End News, 9 March 1989

2518 Gottingen Street. Photo taken from The North End News, 9 March 1989

Laleah M. Hendry (1867-1950)

Laleah M. Hendry was the daughter of William A. Hendry and Harriett Sophia Smith. She was born at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada 25 November 1866, she died at Hantsport, Nova Scotia, Canada 11 December 1950 at the age of 84.

Laleah’s father William A. Hendry was a land surveyor and worked throughout Halifax County in the 1870s and 1880s. By the mid 1870s he held the title of Deputy Commissioner of Lands and the family lived at 271 Gottingen Street. The House doesn’t appear on the 1878 Hopkin’s Atlas but does on subsequent Fire Insurance Maps, specifically the 1895 Fire Insurance Map shown below:

Portion of the 1895 Fire Insurance Map of Halifax showing 271 Gottingen Street

Portion of the 1895 Fire Insurance Map of Halifax showing 271 Gottingen Street

Much of this section of Gottingen street has changed as the intersection with North Street has been shaved back to make for easy flow of traffic coming off of Gottingen onto the approach for the bridge. The large building at 277 and 277 1/2 Gottingen still stands today. The property where the Hendry house stood is now a series of row houses.

William A. Hendry purchased the property from the Robinson family in 1852 at which time the property was described as a building lot being formerly land granted to the Deal family. This means that the Henry house was likely the first structure on that property.

William Hendry died in 1908 at the age of 84. Laleah Hendry never married and eventually went to live in Hantsport, Nova Scotia with her sister Harriett Creighton.

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Sources: All images used above have been purchased from and are the copyright of the Nova Scotia Archives, unless otherwise noted, for use in the Map App project of the Gottingen 250 Festival and are being used here on The Old North End blog to help promote the Map App Project. Primary source research has been conducted entirely by myself, Nathaniel Smith, for use in the Map App project as well as for this blog.

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A walk down Gottingen ca. 1875 – Part 1

The installation of the tram tracks on Gottingen Street ca. 1895 - Nova Scotia Archives: Nova Scotia LIght and Power Fonds, MG9, vol. 226, pg. 65.

The installation of the tram tracks on Gottingen Street at Cogswell ca. 1891 – Nova Scotia Archives: Nova Scotia Light and Power Fonds, MG9, vol. 226, pg. 65.

Over the last year I have had the privilege to be involved with the organizing committee of the Gottingen 250 Festival from the earliest planning meetings right up to now and it has been extremely fulfilling to see the vision that the committee saw come together.

One of the legacy pieces that the Festival committee has been working on is a web-based Walking History Map App which will allow people to walk down the street and from the convenience of their tablets of cell phones learn about the history of the street and the people who have lived on it.

Today we can combine different media – photos, sound recordings, text – and present it on our crazy technology and walk down the street and learn about our neighbourhoods. However in the past we just had pen and paper. One of the richest historical resources we uncovered in our research for the Map App was a description of the street ca. 1875 written in 1940 by 73 year old Laleah M. Hendry.

So come, let’s take a walk down Gottingen Street in 1875…


The description of Gottingen Street ca. 1875 written by Hendry was done more than seventy years after she lived on the street and are recollections of when she was about eight years old. That being said this three page typescript (transcribed and presented here with its original notes and formatting) provides us with an amazing look back at a street that was primarily residential but had business and commercial enterprise, as well as a bear and a peacock.

Below is the recollection in its entirety. Immediately following the transcription I will try to identify some of the things she mentions as we walk from the North end of Gottingen Street to the intersection of Gottingen and Cogswell streets ca. 1875:

Old Gottingen Street About 1875

            I sometimes wonder if there is anyone besides myself who remembers old Gottingen Street in the Seventies as I do. I was a small girl of eight years when we left that part of Halifax, but the street as it was then seems most clearly printed in my mind.

To begin at Fort Needham, to which was the longest walk we children ever took, somewhere near there further out I think were the two old Merkel homes, two very interesting old homes, then you came to Young Street running down to Lockman. Kaye Street running same way, on which was a Methodist Church, then St. Joseph’s Church, then Russell Street where was St. Mark’s Church.

To continue on Gottingen, you come now to Wellington Barracks, occupied by British Soldiery, where the high stone wall was only party built at that time, and the blanks filled in with a palisade of split poles through which we children peered in and sometimes, oh wonderful saw a bear tied to a pole. Then Dr. Walker’s beautiful home opposite, at which place I remember seeing peacocks. The fine old Admiralty house on East side, adjoining the barrack property, opposite again the old Bell home occupied by Hon. Hugh Bell, called Bloomfield, and entered by an avenue of trees from Gottingen. Then, on! Two beautiful homes opposite each other, at corners of North and Gottingen, lived in by Martin P. and Charles Black. At southwest corner was a dear old-fashioned house in from street lived in at one time by the Mackinlays, ancestors of Andrew and Williams Mackinlays who for years kept well known stationery shop on Granville Street. Then the old Harrington place, also in from street, and called “Hawthrone Place”, later turned into three dwelling houses, opposite the Hendry house, of which family I was a member.

Then Mrs. Clayton, mother of Clayton and Sons, and a Mr. McInnis next; next the Deaf and Dumb School, of which I remember a Mrs. Vinecove as matron and a Mr. Hutton as Superintendant. On other side of street lived a Mr. Sutcliffe and family, then came three houses alike, in one of which lived the Logan family for many years. Next came a house occupied by a Miss Clarke and her mother. Miss Clarke kept a small private school which I attended. Then came the Old Ladies Home, the original house I have heard was once owned and lived in by the Knight family, but was split in two, moved away and the present building took its place. Next to them came a Mr. Gully and family, and next again a Mr. James MacLearn and family, very dear friends of ours, then somewhere near, a house in from the street, which in that day of mine was occupied by Rev. Dr. Forrest, then pastor of St. John’s Church on Brunswick Street, and afterwards President of Dalhousie College. The Bayne family lived in a very nice stone house corner of Cunard Street, then North Baptist Church, since removed to Robie, and Zion Church, which I think is still there. A Mr. Parker lived in a very nice house in from street, and on other side a Colonel Clouleith, who kept several small dogs.

Am afraid my memory is failing as to other families on this street, but recall several shops, Liswell the baker, who made wonderful long molasses cakes and ginger breads all shiny on top, with blocks of pictures stamped on like the creamery butter is now, and wonderful hard biscuit, also a spongy kind of biscuit, and no baker these days made as good bread as they did.

Mrs. Campbell kept a candy shop corner of Cornwallis, all home-made and good beyond telling. A dear old coloured woman, who wore a bandana on her head, had a shop, and sold all sorts of herbs, lobsters and other things. I can remember the smell of that shop now, a sort of interesting witheroddy (blurred text) smell. Hemsworth, I think, kept a tobacco shop opposite Mrs. Campbell’s sweet shop. Various liquor and pork shops, one having a golden pig over the door (note: Carol Palm’s Pork Shop, Grandfather of Carl Bethune), in which we got all sorts of good things, hams, bacon, sausage, eggs, butter, etc., and those were the days when sausages were good. I can also recall the smell of those shops.

At the end of Gottingen near Cogswell street were some nice old homes with long steps leading up to them, and a family of MacNabs, friends of ours, lived in one of them. Rev. P. G. Macgregor had a very nice house further north, afterwards occupied by the very popular doctor, Dan Campbell, and facing up Gottingen on Cogswell Street was a large building called the Ball house, if I remember rightly, in which games were played by the Military.

Some more shops have come to my memory now, a tiny one kept by a Miss Ahern, in which one got needles, pins, sewing silks, twist, etc. Also a shop kept by the Misses Henneseys, and McPherson’s dry goods store, in which a pretty little lady served, who, as the years went on, never seemed to grow any older.

These are just the memories of an old woman trying to hark back seventy years, and may be interesting to some equally old person who will probably find me wrong in some of my memories. But one thing I do remember is that it was an interesting and pleasant old street, and I recall that the sun, in summer, set at the end of it and made a lovely afterglow of a beautiful summer evening.

Despite her age both in 1875 (about 8) and in 1940 (about 73) Laleah appears to have remembered quite a bit of history.

I don’t have the space to hit every single thing Laleah talked about but here are some highlights.

She talks about the stone house at the corner of Gottingen and Cunard Streets. Today this space is occupied by the former Scotia Bank building which is now the costume storage and repair facility for what I believe is the Royal Nova Scotia Tattoo. Below is a picture of that house:

Corner of Cunard Street and Gottingen Street ca. 1891

Corner of Cunard Street and Gottingen Street ca. 1891

You can see that the house was set back from the corner and had a considerable amount of property. Abutting the property in the background that still stands on the corner of Cunard and Creighton Streets.

Today adjacent to the house on the corner of the above mentioned streets is the former Cunard Street Theatre which today is used by the congregation of Revival Tabernacle. On the weekends in the summer, if you’re lucky, you’ll hear them singing gospel from the open windows.

Interestingly, in the 1925 this house was owned by Dr. Hawkins and was in bad shape; enough so that the City tried to have the owner fix it up or take care of it otherwise. The description of the building is as follows:

I beg to report on the condition of the buildings on the north-west corner of Cunard and Gottingen streets. There are three buildings on the property, the main building is a two and one half story building with a stone foundation and the northwall is stone and brick, the south and west walls are in the same condition as when the section of the building was cut off, no repairs having been made and they are very rough and untidy. The east wall is in fair condition. The other section is a two storey flat roof building and is placed on crib work in the rear of the main building. The third building is a one storey shed placed there by the Relief Commission after the Explosion and is used for storage. (Report to Halifax City Council re: Hawkins Property as reported in Halifax Evening Mail, 7 October 1925).

You can see, as well, from this portion of the 1878 Hopkins Atlas, the block of Gottingen between Gerrish (today’s Buddy Daye Street) and Cunard Streets:

1878 Hopkins Atlas of Halifax, portion of Plate F, showing the East side of Gottingen Street between Gerrish and Cunard Streets.

1878 Hopkins Atlas of Halifax, portion of Plate F, showing the West side of Gottingen Street between Gerrish and Cunard Streets.

Starting at the corner of Cunard and Gottingen, on the West side, and walking North you have the stone Bayne family house mentioned by Laleah. Then, in the middle of the block you have the large McGregor house that is situated in from the street and then adjacent to that the Liswell Bakery where Laleah enjoyed many sweets and pastries.

The McGregor House is also know as the Mignowitz House and we are lucky as a picture of this building has also survived:

The McGregor/Mingowitz House, Gottingen Street.

The McGregor/Mingowitz House, Gottingen Street.

This building was located in the centre of the block roughly where the former Sobey’s used to be in the empty lot across from the Library.

Laleah’s recollection is so packed full of historical insight that I’ve decided to break this post up over two posts. The second post will examine some of the businesses and the Hendry family itself.

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Sources: All images used above have been purchased from and are the copyright of the Nova Scotia Archives for use in the Map App project of the Gottingen 250 Festival and are being used here on The Old North End blog to help promote the Map App Project. Primary source research has been conducted entirely by myself, Nathaniel Smith, for use in the Map App project as well as for this blog.

When is a parking lot more than just a parking lot?

North Park street is a relatively short street. Only two blocks stretching from the intersection of Cogswell and going North toward the intersections of Cunard and Agricola streets. However, it’s a street with a lot of history. One spot along this road that has always intrigued me is the parking lot located on the corner of North Park street and a tiny little lane called Armoury Place which runs alongside the Halifax Armouries, formerly called John’s Lane.

Parking lot at the corner of North Park street and Armoury Place.

Parking lot at the corner of North Park street and Armoury Place.

In the above photo you can clearly see a granite stone wall that runs along the length of the parking lot. I notice these things when I walk around town and it always has me asking when is a parking lot more than just a parking lot?

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Building Blocks: 2-24 Gottingen Street

One of my favourite urban history blogs is Keith York City which uses resources available online to re-tell the history of New York City. One of my absolutely favourite features of his website are the Block by Block histories of sections of New York streets which he called “Building Blocks”. So I’m stealing this concept, to his credit, and using it for The Old North End.

The first block in this series is the first block of Gottingen Street (running between Cogswell Street and Falkland Street) – which I refer to today as the Gate to the North End, and in particular the Western side of the street. Until the 1930/40s the Eastern side of the street was home to the large Military Hospital complex but which has been replaced by a Staples, the Propeller Brewery building (formerly the Carpenters Union building), a gas station and the Marquee Club building, all mid-20th century buildings. The Western side of the street contained mostly residences of local trades men and women but also was home to a few commercial ventures and the city’s only African Methodist Episcopal  Church.

Using historical records available online we can learn a lot about this section of Gottingen Street

Gottingen Street between Cogswell Street and Falkland Street, 2013

Gottingen Street between Cogswell Street and Falkland Street, 2013

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Arthur F. Pelton Album 1898-1914

From time to time I will post photos or interesting facts about people and things that happened outside of the “Old North End”. Today’s post is to celebrate the wonderful photos of Arthur F. Pelton (1863-1944) a contractor and architect who was responsible for the construction of many prominent buildings, specifically churches, throughout Halifax at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th Centuries. All the photos below are from Arthur’s album.

017 - Train Station Penticton BC

Kettle Valley Train Station – Penticton, British Columbia, rebuilt in 1941 with current station.

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St. John’s Presbyterian Church, Brunswick Street

As mentioned many times before Brunswick Street was one of the most religious streets in Halifax due to the fact that it had 6 churches located along its short three blocks between Cogswell and North streets. One of those churches was St. John’s Presbyterian Church and today being the 95th anniversary of the Halifax Explosion its very appropriate to look at the building of St. John’s Presbyterian church which was destroyed in that massive disaster.

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The North Baptist Church – Gottingen Street

Note: I was recently asked to become a regular contributor to the blog Spacing Atlantic. This is going to be the first in a series of posts that will be cross posted on both the Old North End and Spacing Atlantic blogs. Welcome to everyone who is visiting from SA for the first time. I hope that you find this project interesting and informative.

Photo from 50th Anniversary Pamphlet, 1898

The great thing about living in a city is that the streetscapes of busy streets are ever-changing. One such streetscape which has grown, decayed and is being rebuilt is that of the South end of Gottingen Street in Halifax. Driving down this part of Gottingen today you see construction taking place all over with new condo buildings replacing old movie theatres and shops. One building that stands out today is the large former Vogue movie theatre building prominently situated in the middle of the block between Falkland and Cornwallis streets. What people don’t know today is that this building which has been used in some form or another as a house of amusement – besides being a movie theatre it housed a community theatre, soft-core porn theatre, gay dance club and community centre and a boxing arena – it was originally a Baptist Church.

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The Religious North End

Churches of the North End (photo source: Halifax, Nova Scotia and its Attractions, Howard & Kutsche, ca. 1902).

The North End could be defined as a city of churches. In just a few city blocks from the mid-1860s to the early decades of the 20th century there were 15 places of worship. These institution provided their communities with places to socialize as well as places to worship for much of the late 19th century. Of the 15 churches that populated this neighbourhood only three are still in active service and today only one of the steeples towers over the buildings and shops below. As the inner city changed and populations moved further North, into the West End of Halifax and/or out into Armdale, Fairview and Rockingham these congregations suffered declining attendance and for the most part closed or relocated. Today we are seeing that same trend throughout the city’s churches giving proof to the suggestion that history repeats itself.  The churches of the North End:

The Church of the Holy Redeemer, Brunswick Street, ca. 1899 (NS Historic Places Initiative)

– Church of the Holy Redeemer, Universalist Unitarian Church, Brunswick Street – opened 1874 sold in the 1940s and converted to apartments in the 1980s.

– Saint Patrick’s, Roman Catholic Church, Brunswick Street – opened 1843.

– Saint George’s Round Church, Anglican, Brunswick Street – opened 1802.

– Brunswick Street Methodist Church, Brunswick Street – opened 1834.

– Little Dutch Church, Anglican, Brunswick Street – opened 1756.

– Presbyterian Church, Brunswick Street – opened, moved in 1917 to Windsor Street.

– Park Street Presbyterian Church, North Park Street – opened in 1880s, destroyed by fire 1940s.

– Cornwallis Baptist Church, Cornwallis Street  – opened 1840s.

– African Episcopalian Methodist Church, cor of Gottingen and Falkland Street – demolished 1950s.

– North Baptist Church, Gottingen Street – 1860s- ca. 1913.

Underneath Scotia Square, the Trade Mart Building and the Cogswell Interchange

Garrison Chapel, Brunswick Street, burned 1910 (NS Museum)

– Poplar Grove Presbyterian, Poplar Grove – 1793-1884 (relocated to North Park Street).

– Salem Chapel Baptist Church, Argyle Street – 1845.

– Chalmer’s Church, Presbyterian Duke and Barrington 1849-1905.

– Trinity Free Church, Jacob Street (congregation moved to Garrison Chapel in 1907).

– Garrison Chapel, corner of Cogswell and Brunswick Streets demolished in 2008/09.

Over the next few weeks and months we will highlight the history of each of these institutions and how the impacted the local community. The first church in our study will be the North Baptist Church which was located between Falkland and Cornwallis streets on Gottingen.